Guide to writing an essay

  1. WHAT IS AN ESSAY

Writing consists in writing a thought, an opinion, etc., although not all types of writing (or also called writing) is appropriate within the academic world. We call essay to academic writing.
The essay is a type of prose that briefly analyzes, interprets or evaluates a topic. It is considered a literary genre, as well as poetry, fiction and drama. The essay with which the students are usually found is the essay that constitutes a question of task or examination and that differs from other types of writing in which:
Use a formal tone. Therefore humor, sarcasm, colloquial vocabulary and tangential or irrelevant observations should be avoided. It should be borne in mind that there is more difference between spoken (informal) and written (formal) language in Spanish than in English, so that an English speaker will often seem impersonal and even pretentious.
It is written for a reader who, although intelligent, does not necessarily know the subject thoroughly.
In fact, the fundamental purpose of the test or task test is to demonstrate your own knowledge of the course as completely as possible. It is important to answer the question exactly.
It should be noted that a trial is usually judged according to three criteria:
1. Relevant and well-documented content.
2. An appropriate and well-organized argument.
3. The correct and idiomatic use of language.
2. BEFORE YOU START WRITING
Do not think professional writers write any text at once. Before reaching the final text, you must write several drafts. You will happen.
And should not be discouraged because it is part of the process.
I recommend that, in the beginning of the process, do not worry about achieving a suitable vocabulary or waste time with the dictionary. That corresponds to a later stage. When you can not find the right word, write the one that comes closest to you and subtract it, or do not bother to use a word in Spanish and leave it in your own language.
The steps in the development of an essay are:
1. Make a list of ideas. Once done, try to find a logical order and sort by category.
2. Make an outline. This will allow you to present all the ideas as well as the central arguments in a visual way.
3. Write the first draft, and then all that is necessary.
3. THE ORGANIZATION OF THE TEST
An essay consists of 3 fundamental parts: introduction, knot or body, and conclusion. We will now look at each of these parts in detail.
3.1.Introduction
The introduction tells the reader: the purpose of the writer, the approach to the subject and the organization that will follow the essay. Let’s see how you achieve something so seemingly complex.
The first step of the introduction is to generate ideas but beware !: This is to generate ideas on a specific question and not on a very broad topic. Therefore, it will be necessary to limit the subject and to focus it, that is to say, to organize it according to a certain perspective and through a series of questions that the writer makes itself.
By focusing on the topic it is possible to elaborate the thesis: a phrase that consists of the answer to a question of focus. Now, to draw the attention of the reader that thesis
You can use the following strategies:
Surprise: when it manifests the most remarkable or unforeseen event of the essay. Confirmation: when it is based on the information that the reader already knows in order to make it easier for him to accept the rest of the argument.
Contradiction: when it begins with a common idea and accepted by a majority, to then prove that it is wrong and correct it. Suspense: when the data is presented little by little leaving the key question open, perhaps posing it to the reader.
The introduction, which will not extend more than one paragraph (at most two), will contain the following parts:
First, a brief general introduction to the topic. Then the thesis, which will indicate the interpretation of the implications of the question as well as the order that will follow the test.
Next, we will see a series of theses corresponding to specific questions. Question 1. Describe the main character of the Poem by Mio Cid.
Thesis 1. El Cid, the main character of the Poem, is distinguished by his physical strength, as a warrior, and his internal strength that makes him a symbol of the father and the Christian husband.
This thesis indicates what the writer considers fundamental in the personality of the Cid, and at the same time indicates the organization of the essay that will consist of a paragraph destined to the physical strength, another destined to the internal strength, and a conclusion. By the way, he uses the strategy of surprise by combining physical and internal strength.